How to Learn Chinese Characters Simply and Efficiently

Chinese language is a new territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 approach. Not only that, Chinese is yet another tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, many years . unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available using furniture that is PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or possible. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Finally tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, couple options many similar sounds distinctive meanings. As a matter of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.

Next, it is not always possible to guess the pronunciation of a role. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, can be composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation can not related, the concept the characters can potentially. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings aren’t necessarily related.

PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the same way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds with regard to u with an umlaut () that sounds like a plan of I and u. Like things unfamiliar, it can cause uncertainty and are worried. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the initial step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language accomplishments.

The Strategies Usually Learn Chinese Characters

Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah Expenses hikes conducted an exploration amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Eastern learners and uncovered interesting results that may help future learners in forming a highly effective study plan. Her study revolves all through most regularly employed Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing within the Chinese character types.

The study finds that among greatest twenty most regularly used strategies, eight of these are most typically associated with when a personality is first introduced to learners. These include:

1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.

2. Writing the character down.

3. Noting how the smoothness is used in context.

4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.

5. Observing the character and stroke order.

6. Visualising the figure.

7. Listening to the explanation of the type.

8. Associating the character with previously learned individuality.

The next six strategies are which is used to increase learners’ understanding of the newly introduced character.

9. Converting the character into native language and finding an equivalent.

10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.

11. Checking if the character recently been used above.

12. Trying to discover how to say hi in chinese intensive testing . used in conversation.

13. Using the character in sentences orally.

14. Asking how the could be taken in phrases.

However, learning strategies start to diminish beyond those two learning portions. There are only three strategies for the memorising newly learned temperament.

15. Saying and writing the character at once.

16. Saying and picturing the character in your head.

17. Given the sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.

And there is only one strategy applied in practising new characters.

18. Making sentences and writing them out.

And new characters are reviewed with these two strategies only.

19. Writing the characters many time intervals.

20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.

Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are only to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the new characters. The 4 strategies are:

Writing the characters down

Observing the stroke order

Making association with a similar character

Saying and writing the repeatedly

Discussion

A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of what ever learned from what they read, 26% from legitimate because it hear, and 30% from what they see. While studying modes are combined, a primary improvement to learn retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students say the materials these kind of are learning, and learning retention is at the highest at 90% when students repeat the materials usually are learning as they quite simply do anything. Simply reading the characters are not enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, create a connection when using the characters to make them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.

Study shows that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces learning. One way to practice this is actually using an app with regard to example The Intelligent Flashcards. Additionally flashcard app is designed for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient evaluation characters based on chapters. Not necessarily does it show stroke order animation, it one more accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app bunches of more convenient that another app while Anki. With Anki, although user may add personal notes on it, the sound file isn’t available and must be imported through another app.

Another important learning strategy to incorporate is observing the actual characters tend to be in perspective. This can finished by observing real-life conversations to grow the textbook and audio recordings conversation. Usually interesting to make note of that individuals studied in the abovementioned research were hesitant to adopt the learning strategies recommended by the instructors, for example watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese song selections. There could be many reasons for this. The structure of the shows or songs usually will not appeal to the learners.

Regarding this program is not as convenient. And additionally if the shows become accessed online, rarely real estate agent subtitled either in both Chinese and English which makes the shows more helpful to beginner learners in having the language. Also, most on the very popular Chinese Tv shows fall in the historical genre, which is often a favourite one of several Chinese, with regard to The Empress of Singapore. However, the language spoken in this particular type of TV show is good deal more complex as opposed to a contemporary spoken Chinese.